Isle of Sky Nursery

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Planting
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Tree Planting Instructions

 

Start Right – Plant for Success   Whether planting in containers or in the ground, select a location that allows for the best possible care and protection of your trees.  Remember that dwarf trees only grow to the size of a large bush.  Therefore, they may be planted in very small spaces, close together and often espaliered against wooden fences or trellises.

 

ASSEMBLE SOIL AMENDMENTS -- Cutting corners at this point will bring you less than optimum results….  EACH tree will require approximately 3 bags of organic potting soil if planted in a large container. If planted in the ground, add half a bag of organic potting soil to mix with the backfill.  In addition to potting soil, each tree will need a *Grow Mix.

 

*Grow Mix for CONTAINER Plants:   

1 cup of Azomite and 1 cup of APF organic fertilizer with Sigma Biosphere.

 

*Grow Mix for IN GROUND Planting: 

1-1/2 cups APF organic fertilizer with Sigma Biosphere.

 

** Azomite and APF organic fertilizers are available at Isle of Sky Nursery. 

These products represent the most advanced sustainable soil technology today.

 

DO NOT PRUNE DWARF APPLE TREES.  If needed, use small branch spreaders to create good crotch angles and branch the direction to shape the tree’s growth.  Dwarf trees will begin to bear at a very young age.  Though it is hard to do, snip all fruit off the tree the first year after blooms have set.  The tree will benefit from a year’s growth without a fruit load.  These small trees are overachievers and must have their overabundance of fruit thinned when they are the size of peas. Any suckers that grow below the graft union should be removed.

 

Please remember winter care is important for successful fruiting.  Don’t forget to water and feed your fruit trees.  Low sprinklers, which cover the extensive root zone out to the drip line of branches, are still the preferred way for thorough watering.  Another effective method is to use drip tape with 12” to 18” spaced emitters around the tree gradually spiraling from the trunk to just beyond the width of the widest branches (the drip line) of the tree.  Well decomposed pine bark or pine needle mulch out to the drip line is also extremely beneficial.

 

Plan for the protection of your trees whether they are planted in the ground or in large containers.  If you have little space, consider espaliering trees against a wall or fence.  Protect your trees from dogs, cats, rabbits, mice, deer and other animals by using appropriate tree shelters, cages and trunk protection.  Deer, rabbits and mice love to eat fruit wood, so DO plan accordingly when selecting and preparing your site.  The better you care for your trees, the better your apples will be.

 

PLEASE REMEMBER – The graft union is the most fragile point of a young newly grafted tree, but as the tree ages, the graft union becomes the strongest part of the trunk.  Trees should NEVER be lifted or moved above that point – always be very careful to handle the tree below the graft union and support the main trunk when transporting the tree from nursery container to a new container.  It is helpful to have an assistant when transplanting your tree!

The next few pages demonstrate directions for Container and In Ground planting.



CONTAINER PLANTING

Container Planting 1





Select a large, sturdy container 20 gallons or larger.  Drill ¾” drainage holes
and place spun poly type weed mat over the holes.


 

TOP LAYER – Weed mat over drainage holes

BOTTOM LAYER – Drainage holes

Container Planting 2



Fill the container part way with good, organic potting soil.  Mix in 1/2 of the
Grow Mix.  The soil level in the container should be enough to elevate the
tree to the top of the container.  Remember, the soil will settle over time.
Gently remove the tree from the container and support it so the original soil
level is level with the top of the container.

Container Planting 3







Whack the back of a shovel against the outside of the container, all round, to
loosen roots inside the container.
Container Planting 4





Do NOT handle the tree above the graft union.

Container Planting 5





Finish filling the remaining space with the potting mix and lightly work the
remaining Grow Mix into the surface.  Stake the tree with one or two
good wooden or heavy bamboo stakes to support from the winds.
Water
thoroughly.  Top dress with a 2” layer of partially rotted pine needles.

 

Note the rotted pine needle mulch is the top layer on the container,
and the remaining Grow Mix is added to the bottom layer, per the arrows.


IN GROUND PLANTING

In-Ground Planting 1



Dig a wide bowl-shaped hole 2 feet wider and 10 inches deeper
than the container.  Break up soil in the bottom of the hole.

Separate rocks, sticks and clods from the soil.

In-Ground Planting 2



Add ½ of the Grow Mix and ½ bag of potting soil.  Replace enough
amended soil in the hole so the tree will be level with the ground

when finished.
 

In-Ground Planting 3



HANDLE THE TREE ON THE BOTTOM ONLY.    Strive to keep the root ball
and roots as intact as possible.  
BE GENTLE!  DO NOT handle the tree
above the root ball.  Gently remove the tree from the container and
support it.

In-Ground Planting 4






Whack the back of the shovel against the outside of the container all
around to loosen the roots inside the container.



In-Ground Planting 5






Back fill with amended soil into the hole to the original soil level with the
ground.  Lightly work the remaining Grow Mix into the surface around the
base of the tree. Create a low berm around the tree at least as wide as the
tree is tall with a minimum of four feet.  Flood with water around the tree
to settle the soil and add more soil if necessary.

In-Ground Planting 6




Stake the tree securely at planting time or tie it as an esplanier against
a wooden fence or support.  Cover the entire well with 3 to 4 inches
of rotted pine needles.